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BigW
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 2016 the hottest year on record
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U.S. scientists officially declare 2016 the hottest year on record. That makes three in a row.



In a powerful testament to the warming of the planet, two leading U.S. science agencies Wednesday jointly declared 2016 the hottest year on record, surpassing the previous record set just last year — which itself had topped a record set in 2014.


Average surface temperatures in 2016, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, were 0.07 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than 2015 and featured eight successive months (January through August) that were individually the warmest since the agency’s records began in 1880.

The average temperature across the world’s land and ocean surfaces was 58.69 Fahrenheit, or 1.69 degrees above the 20th-century average of 57 degrees, NOAA declared. The agency also noted that the record for the global temperature has now successively been broken five times since the year 2000. The years 2005 and 2010 were also record warm years, according to the agency’s data set.


NASA concurred with NOAA, also declaring 2016 the warmest year on record in its own data set that tracks the temperatures at the surface of the planet’s land and oceans, and expressing “greater than 95 percent certainty” in that conclusion. (In contrast, NOAA gave a 62 percent confidence in the broken record.)

NASA found a bigger leap upward of temperatures in 2016, measuring the year as .22 degrees Fahrenheit higher than the prior record year of 2015. The agency also noted that since the year 2001, the planet has seen “16 of the 17 warmest years on record.”


Last year “is remarkably the third record year in a row in this series,” said Gavin Schmidt, who directs NASA’s Goddard Institute of Space Studies, in a statement. “We don’t expect record years every year, but the ongoing long-term warming trend is clear.”

The record comes two days before Donald Trump, who has tweeted that global warming is a “hoax,” assumes the presidency and, with it, control over the two science agencies that announced these records. It is also the same day that Scott Pruitt, Trump’s controversial nominee for the Environmental Protection Agency, is appearing before the Senate in an often-tense confirmation hearing in which he has been questioned about climate change. Pruitt has previously written that the “debate” over climate change is “far from settled.”




Trump’s other nominees, such as State Department nominee Rex Tillerson and Interior Department nominee Ryan Zinke, have been less dismissive of climate change in their confirmation hearings, acknowledging at least some human contribution to the phenomenon but also raising questions either about the extent to which it is human-caused or about our capacity to predict the consequences. On Wednesday, Pruitt acknowledged that climate change is not a “hoax” and said that “the climate is changing, and human activity contributes to that in some manner.”

Scientists have been far less guarded. “2016 is a wake-up call in many ways,” Jonathan Overpeck, a climate scientist at the University of Arizona, said of the year’s temperatures. “Climate change is real, it is caused by humans, and it is serious.”

NASA and NOAA produce slightly different records using somewhat different methodologies, but have now concurred on identifying 2014, 2015 and 2016 as, successively, the three warmest years in their records. There was a noticeable difference this year, however, in how much two agencies judged 2016 to have surpassed 2015. NASA was more bullish — a difference that Schmidt, in a press call Wednesday, attributed to different ways of measuring the Arctic.

“The warming in the Arctic has really been exceptional, and what you decide to do when you’re interpolating across the Arctic makes a difference,” Schmidt said.


But the differences between NOAA and NASA aren’t that significant, Schmidt further argued, in the context of the bigger picture. “Getting hung up on the exact nature of the records is interesting, and there’s lots of technical work that can be done there, but the main take-home response there is that the trends we’ve been seeing since the 1970s are continuing and have not paused in any way,” he said.

Last year’s warmth was partly enhanced by a strong weather pattern known as El Niño, but the federal scientists underscore that this was not the only cause. For example, 1998 was also, at the time, the warmest year on record, thanks in part to a strong El Niño — but the 2016 planetary temperature now far surpasses the temperature of that year, as you can see above. The reason is that Earth has been warming since then, allowing another El Niño event, unlocking heat from the vast Pacific Ocean, to push overall temperatures to new heights.


This El Niño might have contributed about a quarter or a third” of the record in 2016, said Deke Arndt, chief of the global monitoring branch at NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information, on a press call Wednesday.

Thus do natural wobbles of the planet’s temperature interact with an overall warming trend to produce records on a regular basis. At present, that means that while scientists would expect 2017 to be quite warm, relative to, say, a year in the 1990s, there has been little talk of a fourth record year in a row. And, indeed, El Niño has subsided.

Two other global agencies, the Japan Meteorological Agency and Britain’s Hadley Center, also track global temperatures. On Wednesday, the Hadley Center also announced that 2016 was the warmest year on record, albeit only “nominally” because it was very close to 2015 in the agency’s data set. The center reported that while 2016 was .77 degrees Celsius above the temperature average between 1961 and 1990, 2015 was very close at .76 degrees Celsius higher.

The difference between the Hadley Center and NASA once again comes down to the treatment of the Arctic, Schmidt explained.

“Our analysis demonstrates that the Arctic is warming around two to three times as fast as the global mean,” he said. “So that will be the cause of continuing divergences between the groups, and it ‘s something I think we all need to be thinking about.”

NASA further noted in its analysis that compared with the late 19th century, the planet has now warmed about 1.1 degrees Celsius, or 2 degrees Fahrenheit. That’s significant because the global community has been striving to limit overall warming to considerably below a 2 degree Celsius rise, and even, if possible, to hold it to a 1.5 degree Celsius increase. That is now about .4 degrees away, in Celsius, based on these figures.

“It is the second year in a row that the annual global temperature has been more than 1 Celsius degree higher than the pre-industrial level, and shows that the world is moving ever closer to the warming threshold of 1.5 Celsius degrees, beyond which many scientists have concluded the impacts of climate change will be unacceptably dangerous,” said Bob Ward, who is director of policy and communications director at the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, part of the London School of Economics and Political Science.


Last year’s warmth was manifested across the planet, from the warm tropical ocean waters off the coast of northeastern Australia, where the Great Barrier Reef experienced its worst coral bleaching event on record and large scale coral death, to the Arctic, where sea ice hit regular monthly record lows and overall temperatures were also the warmest on record, at least from January through September 2016.

Among major 2016 events, the devastating bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef did not stand alone. In a catalogue of some of the extremes the planet witnessed during the year, NOAA also noted the megafire that engulfed Fort McMurray, in Alberta, Canada, at the beginning of May, relatively early in the year for wildfires. That event was certainly consistent with a warming climate, as well as with the role of El Niño, although scientists are reluctant to formally say that climate change has played a role in an individual event without conducting extensive analysis.

Extreme high temperatures were seen from India — where the city of Phalodi recorded temperatures of 51 degrees Celsius (123.8 Fahrenheit) in May, a new national record — to Iran, where a temperature of 53 degrees Celsius (127.4 F) was recorded in Delhoran on July 22.

For the contiguous United States, 2016 was merely the second-warmest year on record, but for Alaska, it was the warmest yet recorded, underscoring once again the sharpness of Arctic warmth, in particular.



https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/01/18/u-s-scientists-officially-declare-2016-the-hottest-year-on-record-that-makes-three-in-a-row/?postshare=4111484753752518&tid=ss_tw&utm_term=.07e3d45fffe5

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Post 01/18/17 10:37pm
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elemental
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Could have fooled me considering the ice storms and snow storms.

Besides there's no point in bitching about it until countries like China get all their ducks in a row on environment issues.

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Post 01/19/17 02:05am
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Wolfbitch
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quote:
Originally posted by elemental
Could have fooled me considering the ice storms and snow storms.

Besides there's no point in bitching about it until countries like China get all their ducks in a row on environment issues.


You're confusing weather with climate. Weather is local; climate is world-wide.

If we wait for China (and they are making more strides than we are), we could all die.

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Post 01/19/17 02:12pm
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Riotgear
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Besides, who puts ducks in charge of environmental issues anyway?

Granted I'm no scientist, but that just seems stupid to me.
Post 01/19/17 02:14pm
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AWM
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The whole thing is a hoax, with respect to the shakedown of industry.

You need only remember the fake results and cover up a few years ago to have disdain for anything the climate Nazis promulgate. Don't get me wrong; I am not saying that the planet is not undergoing change - it always has; however our impact is not determinable. The planet warmed and cooled long before the industrial revolution, and the fact that scientists are shouted down and threatened for having an opinion other than this show it to be more of a religion than a science.

http://www.climatechangenews.com/2016/07/25/wikileaks-emails-show-democrats-see-climate-as-weapon/

http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamestaylor/2011/11/23/climategate-2-0-new-e-mails-rock-the-global-warming-debate/#6cba95ba988d

This is simply a shakedown and attempt at control. And one volcanic eruption can do more damage over two weeks than another 10 million cars on the road. No need for a faggy electric car......

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Post 01/19/17 03:19pm
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draven
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Lmao, the Earth is just recovering from the last ice age . It will get warmer until such time as the balance tips and then it will freeze again.
Records began in 1880, so we know everything about the planets climate? anyone wanna do the math as a percentage (137 years data out of a possible 4.5 or so billion years)? cool.gif

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Post 01/19/17 03:28pm
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Wolfbitch
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97% of climate scientists agree that human action has negatively affected climate.

You're asking me to agree that that 97% are fraudsters and the 3% are the honest ones?

I can't go there.

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Post 01/19/17 03:53pm
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Riotgear
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Given a long enough time line the likelihood anyone will escape with their life drops to zero.

Y'all motherfuckers are doomed and there ain't shit you can do about it.

Betcha I have more fun.
Post 01/19/17 03:54pm
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AWM
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quote:
Originally posted by Wolfbitch
97% of climate scientists agree that human action has negatively affected climate.

You're asking me to agree that that 97% are fraudsters and the 3% are the honest ones?

I can't go there.


I'm saying it's only a theory - and your 97% number looks specious to me, but I'll dig deeper.

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Post 01/19/17 04:33pm
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Dmonix
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It's going to be above freezing 0°C all week(end) and way into next week! For here, that's downright FUCKED

But entirely welcome by me.

Some people are like, "Oh, it's hot out, so it's climate change", some people are like, "It's cold out, so it's climate change" - People don't understand that it goes in extremes to both ends.

My Dad was an economics prof that dealt with climate change in the 1980's (he's retired now). So we grew up hearing about acid rain and the climate issue. I believe it's 100% real. It's why I want off this fukin' planet RIGHT FUKIN' NOW!!.... Trumps peeps wanna bring back more coal burning plants because it's "cheap" and it'll make jobs. Totally the wrong fukin attitude. In Canada, our PM (Wolfbitch, I think he was masturbating to some pix of you the other day) the other week, all he said was, "we should work toward phasing out the oil sands" and Shit hit the fan hard, Alberta lost it's poor collective mind.
We as a planet HAVE to work towards alternative fuel sources, climate change believers or not, it's just a fukin smart idea.

I don't I'll live to see regular citizens get off this planet into space, but if I can, I'll be the first to leave this planet that's been left to us, destroyed, weak and dying....

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Post 01/19/17 05:13pm
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BigW
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quote:
Originally posted by AWM
The whole thing is a hoax, with respect to the shakedown of industry.

You need only remember the fake results and cover up a few years ago to have disdain for anything the climate Nazis promulgate. Don't get me wrong; I am not saying that the planet is not undergoing change - it always has; however our impact is not determinable. The planet warmed and cooled long before the industrial revolution, and the fact that scientists are shouted down and threatened for having an opinion other than this show it to be more of a religion than a science.

http://www.climatechangenews.com/2016/07/25/wikileaks-emails-show-democrats-see-climate-as-weapon/

http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamestaylor/2011/11/23/climategate-2-0-new-e-mails-rock-the-global-warming-debate/#6cba95ba988d

This is simply a shakedown and attempt at control. And one volcanic eruption can do more damage over two weeks than another 10 million cars on the road. No need for a faggy electric car......



It's not a hoax and neither is it the end of the planet.It is killing people by affecting weather patterns like el nino and el nina to occur more frequently and with water temperatures rising,to become more extreme.Ice melts in different areas of the world,Greenland for example are causing islands to be swallowed by the sea,one island nation much is literally being engulfed by the ocean.More will follow.

https://www.yahoo.com/news/blogs/technology-blog/global-warming-catastrophe-island-nation-swallowed-whole-sea-185245448.html

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/may/10/five-pacific-islands-lost-rising-seas-climate-change

I read your article.The first one seems to accurate,but it doesn't mean climate change is a hoax,just means Dems wanted to use the real issue of climate change to beat the Repugs.

As for the second article,quite dated and debunked:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climatic_Research_Unit_email_controversy

What's going to happen in the future is going to be quite devastating to the people of many different countries and many different species.Plants and animals will be affected

Impacts in North America
http://know.climateofconcern.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=article&id=109


The planet will survive,the people will survive,but it won't be the same.We are some fucked up stewards of the land.

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Post 01/19/17 06:39pm
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elemental
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I live in the hills.
Drown all you lowlanders, drown!!!! laugh.gif laugh.gif

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Post 01/19/17 07:02pm
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BigW
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quote:
Originally posted by elemental
I live in the hills.
Drown all you lowlanders, drown!!!! laugh.gif laugh.gif


Where's that fucking meteorite when you need it laugh.gif

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Post 01/19/17 07:07pm
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AWM
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?

Nothing debunked about that article - denied, you mean

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Post 01/19/17 07:54pm
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BigW
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quote:
Originally posted by AWM
?

Nothing debunked about that article - denied, you mean


"Among the scientists whose emails were disclosed, the CRU's researchers said in a statement that the emails had been taken out of context and merely reflected an honest exchange of ideas."

"The controversy has focused on a small number of emails[29] with 'climate sceptic' websites picking out particular phrases, such as one in which Kevin Trenberth said, "The fact is that we can’t account for the lack of warming at the moment and it is a travesty that we can’t".[20] This was actually part of a discussion on the need for better monitoring of the energy flows involved in short-term climate variability,[30] but was grossly mischaracterised by critics.[31][32]"

"Many commentators quoted one email in which Phil Jones said he had used "Mike's Nature trick" in a 1999 graph for the World Meteorological Organization "to hide the decline" in proxy temperatures derived from tree ring analyses when measured temperatures were actually rising. This 'decline' referred to the well-discussed tree ring divergence problem, but these two phrases were taken out of context by global warming sceptics, including US Senator Jim Inhofe and former Governor of Alaska Sarah Palin, as though they referred to some decline in measured global temperatures, even though they were written when temperatures were at a record high.[32]"

"An editorial in Nature stated that "A fair reading of the e-mails reveals nothing to support the denialists' conspiracy theories"

"Eight committees investigated the allegations and published reports, finding no evidence of fraud or scientific misconduct"


To me it's debunked,more than just denied.They stole it and then took info out of context to make it seem bad.

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Post 01/20/17 01:38pm
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Wolfbitch
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No need to fear here. The minute Trump was inaugurated, the Climate Science and Advancement for LGBT Americans websites were taken down.

This feels more like a coup d'etat than a peaceful exchange of powers.

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Post 01/20/17 02:39pm
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Wolfbitch
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quote:
Originally posted by Wolfbitch
No need to fear here. The minute Trump was inaugurated, the Climate Science and Advancement for LGBT Americans websites were taken down.

This feels more like a coup d'etat than a peaceful exchange of powers.


I take that back. Those sites are up once again.

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Sisters of Mercy -- Leonard Cohen

Yes, you who must leave everything that you cannot control
It begins with your family, but soon it comes around to your soul
Well, I've been where you're hanging, I think I can see how you're pinned
When you're not feeling holy, your loneliness says that you've sinned
Post 01/20/17 02:41pm
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AWM
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Just looking for an axe to grind from the jump, perhaps?

Mediocre speech, IMO. The parts I liked were the obvious warnings to our allies and enemies that shit was about to change. Sick of all the fucking religion going on at the inauguration; this should be a solely secular event.

Also liked that he had the balls that chickenshit Obama did not, and said "Islamic Terrorism"

Other than that, it was a rehash of campaign speeches - nothing particularly profound

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Post 01/20/17 02:48pm
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Wolfbitch
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And no, gone again. Here's the LGBT one: whitehouse.gov/lgbt

Go ahead, click on it. It's a Get Updates from Trump website now.

Yep, coup d'etat.

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Yes, you who must leave everything that you cannot control
It begins with your family, but soon it comes around to your soul
Well, I've been where you're hanging, I think I can see how you're pinned
When you're not feeling holy, your loneliness says that you've sinned
Post 01/20/17 02:49pm
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BigW
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grin.gif
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